It’s normal and natural for dogs to bark, but when barking happens a lot, or goes on for a long time, it can be upsetting for your neighbours.
If you’re out a lot, or you’re used to the noise, you might not realise how bad it is.
Work with your neighbours
Try to work with your neighbours to sort out any problems caused by your dog barking, without having to involve the authorities.
It's helpful for you to understand why your dog barks and take practical steps to stop or cut down the barking.
Talk it over
If the noise your dog is making is upsetting your neighbours, the first step is to talk things over with them.
Stay calm and try to see it from their point of view. For example, they may work shifts, or have a baby or small children.
They might be worried about the dog and you might not know how much your dog is barking when you’re not at home.
Understand the problem
Ask your neighbours to tell you exactly when your dog is barking and for how long. If you’re out a lot, ask them to note down the times when the barking happens. If you’re in, make a note yourself.
Think about using a web cam or video camera to find out what your dog is doing when you’re not there.
You could also try a set-up by pretending you’re going out for the day, then waiting outside the door to see what your dog does. If it starts barking and howling, go back in and tell it firmly to be quiet. Punishing your dog will only make things worse.
There are some simple steps you can take to cut down the amount of noise your dog is making. This will help calm the situation between you and your neighbours and give you time to work out why your dog is barking.
- if your dog barks at things outside your yard or garden, do not let it go outside on its own. Keep it away from windows, so it cannot see people or other animals
- if your dog barks at the same time every day, such as when people in the house are going to work or school, try to keep it busy at that time. For example, you could take it for a walk
- try to keep your dog calm. If it barks when it’s excited, do not play with it at anti-social times, such as very late at night
- if your dog’s barking and you’re in a flat or a semi-detached house, try to keep it away from any walls you share with your neighbours
- do not leave your dog outside if it’s barking to be let in
- see if you can get a friend or relative to look after your dog when you go out, or take it with you
- make sure your dog gets some exercise before you go out. A tired dog barks less.
Be consistent. Every time your dog is quiet when it would normally have barked, praise it or give it a treat.
When it barks, tell it firmly to be quiet.
You also need to remember that your dog is part of the family. If it only barks when you leave, bring it inside. Leave some toys or chews and put the radio on quietly. If your dog is distressed, keep it inside with you whenever you’re at home - dogs are pack animals and they need company.
Tackle specific problems
Problem: Your dog is clingy, and howls or whines when left alone.
Solution: A vet, animal behaviourist or dog warden may be able to tell you how to help your dog get used to being on its own.
Problem: Your dog is frightened. It might look scared (ears back, tail low), have trouble settling, or keep trying to hide.
Solution: If your dog likes hiding, make a den for it. If it’s scared of noise, mask it by putting the radio on quietly. If it’s frightened of other people or animals shut the curtains or doors. Think about talking to a vet, animal behaviourist or dog warden.
Problem: Your dog guards his territory by barking at people, animals or cars.
Solution: Keep your dog away from the front of the house or flat. Screen your windows. If it starts barking outside, call it in straight away. You could ask a vet, animal behaviourist or dog warden about behaviour therapy.
Problem: Your dog is barking to get attention.
Solution: Look at your dog and then look away to show you’re not going to respond. Do not give it any attention, or anything else, while it’s barking. Try deliberately ignoring it for 20-30 minutes for 2 or 3 times a day and get everyone in the house to do the same. Doing this for 15 minutes before you go out can help stop your dog barking when you leave. A vet, animal behaviourist or dog warden may be able to give you advice.
Problem: You went out without taking your dog for a walk, and it’s barking through frustration.
Solution: Wear different clothes for walking your dog. Leave your dog’s lead where it can see it. So if you’re leaving without taking the lead the dog will know that it’s not going with you.
What not to do
- punish your dog. It might mistake it for attention and it could also make it more anxious
- use mechanical devices, such as anti-bark collars, if it could make the dog even more anxious
- get a second dog unless you’re sure it’s going to make your dog feel more secure, not less.
If you cannot resolve the issue
If you cannot resolve the issue using the techniques listed above, your neighbour has the right to report the barking and we may have to get involved.
Remember, keep your neighbours informed about what you're doing to stop the barking.