Controlled parking zones are areas where on-street parking is controlled during specified times. They are the most effective way of managing parking and are commonly used in busy areas across the UK.
Benefits of controlled parking include:
- it's easier for residents to park near their homes
- improved safety, with better visibility at junctions
- easier access for emergency services, delivery and removal vans
- reduced traffic and pollution by discouraging vehicles from driving through town centres
Types of controlled parking
‘Permit holders only’ bays
If the parking bay is marked as ‘permit holders only’, then a permit must be displayed during the bay’s operational hours. Permits will only be made available to local residents and businesses within the boundary.
Shared use bays
A shared use bay is a bay that has more than one restriction. This could be a permit holder or pay and display bay, or a permit holder or limited wait bay. These bays allow vehicles to park without a permit for either a certain period of time or with a pay and display ticket.
Disabled parking bays
A valid disabled badge, known as a Blue Badge, must be displayed when you park in a disabled bay. You do not also need to display a parking permit when you park in a disabled bay.
If you have a Blue Badge and you park in a permit bay you’ll need to display your Blue Badge.
Yellow lines show where vehicles must not park. Single yellow lines operate only during the controlled hours of a zone unless signs indicate otherwise. Double yellow lines are there for safety, and are operational at all times (24/7).
Permit fees cover the costs of installation, maintenance, enforcement, and any reviews of the zone.
- resident parking permits cost £30 per vehicle per year. There is no limit on how many resident parking permits you can buy.
- daily visitor vouchers cost £2 each. You are limited to a maximum of 50 per month.
Find out more about permit costs and how to apply for all types of parking permits.
Commercial vehicles and controlled parking
Commercial vehicle drivers can buy parking permits to park in CPZs. CPZs do not restrict commercial vehicles from parking.
Motorcycles and controlled parking
If your vehicle is not fitted with a front windscreen (for example, a motorcycle) a permit must still be displayed if you need to park in a CPZ. Motorcycles can display an additional tax disc holder, which would allow for the permit to be displayed safely, visibly and securely.
How we enforce controlled parking
Uniformed civil enforcement officers patrol CPZs and issue penalty charge notices (PCNs) to illegally parked vehicles. These can be random patrols, or you can report illegally parked vehicles to us.
Penalty charge notice costs
The charge depends on the severity of the violation:
- higher level PCNs cost £70, reduced to £35 if paid within 14 days
- lower level PCNs cost £50, reduced to £25 if paid within 14 days
Fines must be paid within 28 days.
Traffic regulation orders and new CPZs
When a new CPZ is created, a legal document, known as a traffic regulation order (TRO), is prepared for the new zone. This creates a set of local traffic regulations which only allow permit holders to park there during the operational times.
The TRO legally allows the parking permit area to be enforced so that any vehicles parked illegally are liable to receive a parking ticket.